Welcome or Register
Back to Table of Contents

Your Savings and Down Payment

Your First Step Toward Buying a Home

When preparing to buy a home, the first thing many homebuyers do is look at the real estate ads in newspapers, magazines and listings on the Internet. Some potential buyers read how-to articles like this one. The next thing you should do - before you call on an ad, before you talk to a REALTOR®, before you shop for interest rates - is look at your savings.

Why?

Because determining how much money you have available for down payment and closing costs affects almost every aspect of buying a home - including how you write your purchase offer, the loan programs you qualify for, and shopping for interest rates.

Mortgage Programs

If you only have enough available for a minimum down payment, your choices of loan program will be limited to only a few types of mortgages. If someone is giving you a gift for all or part of the down payment, your options are also limited. If you have enough for the down payment, but need the lender or seller to cover all or part of your closing costs, this further limits your options. If you borrow all or a portion of the down payment from your 401K or retirement plan, different loan programs have different rules on how you qualify.

Of course, if you have enough for a large down payment, then you have lots of choices.

Your loan choices include such varied programs as conventional fixed rate loans, adjustable rate mortgages, buydowns, VA, FHA, graduated payment mortgages and all the varieties of each.

Shopping for Rates

A very important reason you need to have at least some idea of your down payment is for shopping for interest rates. Some loan programs charge a slightly higher interest rate for minimal down payments. Plus, the interest rates for different loan programs are not the same. For example, conventional, VA, and FHA all offer fixed rate loans. However, the rates vary from one program to another.

If you shop lenders by phone, the loan officer will be able to tell you which programs fit and quote your rates accordingly. However, if you are shopping on the Internet, you have to develop some idea of your loan program on your own.

Writing Your Offer

Another reason you need to have a clue about your down payment is because it affects how you write your offer to purchase a home. Not only are you required to put your down payment information in the offer, but also different loan programs have different rules that also affect how you write your offer. This is especially important when dealing with FHA and VA loans.

If you are asking the seller to pay all or part of your closing costs, you have to be certain your loan program allows what you are asking. For smaller down payments, lenders allow the seller to pay less closing costs than for larger down payments. Some loan programs will allow a seller to pay certain types of costs, but not others.

Finally, your down payment also affects your ability to qualify for a loan. When you make a small down payment, lenders are fairly strict about having you conform to their underwriting guidelines. For larger down payments, they will tend to make allowances or exceptions to the rules.

Conclusion

As you can see, the down payment affects every choice you make when you buy a home. Although you should look at ads, familiarize yourself with neighborhoods, learn about prices, and read as much as you can - when you get ready to take action - the first thing you should do is figure out how much money you have available for the purchase.

Back to Table of Contents

Quick Search


view all


Any

Any

No Min.

No Max.
agent photo
SALLIE CHESTER, REALTOR®
EXIT Real Estate Consultants
5175 Sunset Blvd, Ste 3
Lexington, SC 29072
Phone: 803-707-8595
Fax:  803-358-0889
Email: salliechester@exitrec.com

Client Testimonials

We, of course, are very happy and blessed to have had Sallie sell our home. Her team is wonderful also. We highly recommend Sallie Chester!  Melissa B. ~June 2019
Sallie and her team were very helpful and 100% on top of the entire selling process of our condo. From our original meeting, Sallie gave us great advice on selling quickly and for a fair price. She worked tirelessly to negotiate terms with the buyers' agent about the conditions of the transaction and kept us up-to-date with any changes that had come about. We used Sallie to both purchase and sell our condo and I would be happy to recommend her to anyone buying or selling property in the Columbia area. I truly appreciated her expertise and persistence in everything she did. Joshua S. ~June 2019
Sallie was very professional and dependable in all of our dealings.  We appreciated her counsel and experience, and would recommend her highly. Karen and Eddie W. ~May 2019
We recently purchased a house in Harbour Watch, that we absolutely love, through Sallie Chester.  Our relationship with Sallie began with a get to know each other phone call where trust was soon established.  We then made the trip from Virginia to South Carolina to meet Sallie in person, and she showed us several lots and houses that weekend, one of which we ended up purchasing.  The purchase took longer than anticipated because it was initially contingent on the sale of our house in VA.  Sallie was extremely patient and responsive to all of our needs throughout the entire process.  Sallie is honest, hardworking and provides excellent customer service.  We highly recommend using her services. Ann and Barry N. ~February 2019
Sallie Chester was everything we could have hoped for in the sale of our house; very knowledgeable with good advice and with such a friendly attitude. I would highly recommend Sallie to anyone who is seriously wanting to sell or buy property on Lake Murray. Shirley and David S. ~February 2019
View All

Equal Housing OpportunityMLS membershipREALTOR® certification

Real Estate Websites by iHOUSEweb iconiHOUSEweb | Admin Menu